When removed entirely, the appendix usually has little to no impact and your body continues to function normally. When inflammation occurs in the appendix, bacteria begin to accumulate very quickly. Not only that, these bacteria may be produced inside it and will eventually make a person feel uncomfortable. Symptoms will soon become apparent and will cause considerable pain, diarrhea, nausea, and vomiting.
Anyone who experiences these symptoms and feels a noticeable sharp pain on the lower right side of their abdomen should quickly seek the advice of a physician. If the condition is not treated promptly, the appendix can burst and release all that material into the body. When this happens, it can become a life-threatening situation. Also, it will usually take a considerable amount of effort among hospital staff to help the patient recover. Assuming that the appendix is removed in time, there are often no severe after-effects, and most people have a complete recovery from the procedure.
Why appendectomies are performed
An appendectomy operation is performed when it is quite clear that the appendix has become swollen and is infected. Infection usually occurs when bacteria and stool clog the entrance to the appendix. Infection is also apparent when the appendix becomes inflamed and enlarged. The only effective way to treat the condition of appendicitis is by removing it. When not done very promptly, it could burst and cause some severe complications in the patient’s body.
All the bacteria and fecal material that has accumulated in the organ would then spread throughout the abdomen. This particular condition can trigger a severe infection, which is known as peritonitis. It’s also possible to develop an abscess when the appendix has ruptured, and both these situations are considered life-threatening.
Someone who has an inflamed appendix will generally feel stomach pain that begins around the belly button and travels down to the lower section of the right-side abdomen. Patients may notice an abdominal swelling or a rigidity of the muscles in the area of the stomach. It may also be possible for them to develop either diarrhea or constipation, as well as nausea and vomiting. Some people who are suffering from appendicitis may also develop a low-grade fever. Thus, it is essential for patients who feel any of these symptoms to go to an emergency room. They should do this to get checked out for the possibility of appendicitis.
How appendectomies are performed
There are two primary options for implementing an appendectomy. The first one is the open appendectomy. The second one is dubbed as the laparoscopic appendectomy. When an open appendectomy is being completed, the
will make a single incision on the abdomen, at the lower right side of it. Then the appendix will be removed, the abdominal cavity will be cleaned up, and the incision will be stitched to close it securely.An open appendectomy will generally be performed if a patient has already had abdominal surgery in the past, or in situations where it is known that the appendix has burst. There will be a much more involved cleanup procedure necessary when the appendix has ruptured, and that will call for a larger area of the abdomen to be opened up. Most of the patients who undergo open appendectomy usually spend more time in the hospital. They are generally advised to take more rest to give time for their wounds to heal. Also, they are refrained from engaging in activities that require a lot of physical movements to prevent the stitches they obtained from bleeding, tearing off and possibly getting infected. Thus, it usually takes a few days before patients are allowed to go back to their regular routines. Laparoscopic appendectomies are done by making small abdominal incisions. Through one of these incisions, a small tube called a cannula will be inserted. This insertion will be used to pump carbon dioxide gas into the abdomen to make the area more visible to the surgeon. After the stomach has been filled with gas, the laparoscope itself will be inserted through one of the incisions, along with a high-resolution camera and a high-intensity light. The camera will transmit images back to a console in the operating room, which is operated by the surgeon. The surgeon will have the controls that can be used to manipulate tiny instruments in the abdomen. Once the appendix is located, it will be tied off with stitches and then surgically removed. Following this, each of the small incisions is cleaned, dressed, and then closed up. Most adult patients prefer the Laparoscopic appendectomy over open appendectomies. Since it’s much less invasive, there is generally a much shorter recovery time.
As soon as the appendectomy has been performed, the patient will be subjected to thorough observation for several hours before he/she can be released from a medical facility. During that period, the patient’s vital signs will be closely monitored, especially the heart rate and breathing. Patients will also be checked for adverse reactions to the procedure itself. This technique also checks the patient’s response to the anesthesia, which is administered before surgery.
The amount of time that patients will be retained at the hospital after the procedure will depend on their overall physical condition and their body’s reaction to the method. Another factor that determines the length of recovery is the type of surgical procedure used. Those who undergo laparoscopic appendectomy are almost always released briefly.
If the surgery did not cause any complication, the patient might be allowed to return home on the same day as the procedure. However, the patients are typically advised to have somebody drive them home. The very reason for this practice is the fact that the patient was administered with general anesthesia. Thus, they usually feel groggy and not fit to drive. For the first week after an appendectomy, the patient will likely feel some moderate pain around the areas where incisions were made. If this pain gets to be somewhat severe, the doctor will prescribe pain medication for patients to help them cope with it. It’s also possible that patients may be prescribed a program of antibiotics to prevent the possibility of an infection.
It’s essential to monitor the incision sites for any signs of infection. The symptoms of infection can easily be spotted since this generally involves redness or swelling in those areas. Patients may also experience nausea and vomiting, loss of appetite, diarrhea or constipation, chills or fever, and stomach cramps. If any of these occur, the patients should notify their doctors so that they can be treated promptly. Based on existing data, the patient’s body will usually be completely healed within four weeks after an appendectomy has been performed.