Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD)
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a group of disorders that cause inflammation in the colon and rectum. The two most common types of IBD are ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease. Symptoms of IBD include diarrhea, abdominal pain, rectal bleeding, and weight loss.
Treatment options for IBD vary depending on the severity of the disease. Mild cases of IBD may be treated with medications such as aminosalicylates, corticosteroids, and immunomodulators.
These medications work to reduce inflammation in the colon and rectum.
In more severe cases of IBD, surgery may be necessary to remove damaged portions of the colon and rectum. Surgery is usually reserved for patients who have failed to respond to other forms of treatment or who have developed serious complications from the disease.
Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a common disorder that affects the large intestine. The exact cause of IBS is unknown, but it is thought to be related to abnormal contractions of the colon and rectum. Symptoms of IBS include abdominal pain, bloating, constipation, and diarrhea.
Treatment options for IBS include dietary changes, medications, and stress management techniques. Dietary changes may include avoiding foods that trigger symptoms, increasing fiber intake, and drinking more water. Medications such as antispasmodics, laxatives, and antidepressants may also be prescribed to help manage symptoms.
Stress management techniques such as relaxation therapy, cognitive behavioral therapy, and biofeedback may also be helpful for some patients with IBS.