Parathyroid surgery is a procedure that is performed in order to remove one or more of the parathyroid glands. The human body has four rice-sized parathyroid glands located behind the thyroid gland in the central neck. These glands are responsible for the secretion of parathyroid hormone (PTH), which controls the body’s calcium levels.
These glands play an important role in the body. However, they can become overactive and cause a multitude of different symptoms, including fatigue, difficulty concentrating, constipation, abdominal pain, muscle/bone pain, osteopenia (bone weakness/bone loss), kidney stones, and heartburn. The condition can be confirmed with lab work alone. In some cases, imaging studies are performed to try and help localize the parathyroid gland that is abnormal.
Parathyroid surgery is the only definitive hyperparathyroidism treatment. It is successful for about 95 percent of cases. Most commonly, a minimally invasive, directed parathyroidectomy can be done through a tiny incision in the neck to remove a single abnormal parathyroid gland. In some cases, all four parathyroid glands must be examined in order to remove all of the abnormal tissue.
Minimally invasive parathyroid surgery has several benefits, which include:
- Less amount of pain involved
- Relatively faster recovery
- Almost invisible scar
- No need for hospitalization
- Less bleeding
- Adrenal Gland Surgery
The adrenal glands are located just above the kidneys and are responsible for production of hormones that regular salt balance, steroid hormones, and adrenaline. Overproduction of these hormones can be harmful to the body, and the only definitive management option in these situations is the surgical removal of the adrenal gland that is the problem.
Tumors of the adrenal gland are also sometimes treated with adrenal gland removal. Benign tumors of the adrenal gland are common, so not all adrenal tumors require removal.
The adrenal gland can be removed using minimally invasive surgical techniques. Robotic-assisted and laparoscopic surgery provides excellent treatment options with less pain, smaller incisions, and quicker return to normal life with less complications.
Endocrine gland disease, be it thyroid, parathyroid, or adrenal gland surgery, requires a detailed workup and meticulous treatment that can only be provided by an informed, capable physician. We are grateful that we can offer this type of care to our patients, and produce outcomes that are second to none.