Robotic Colon and Rectal Surgery

Colon and rectal surgery is a general term used to refer to various procedures employed to treat both benign and malignant colon problems. Benign colon problems include colitis, diverticulitis, and rupture of the colon. Malignant colon problems refer to the various types of colon cancer. The type of

robotic colorectal surgery

 performed by the

colorectal surgeon

  on the colon depends on several factors. Most

colorectal surgery

 can be done with robotic-assisted surgery, which has been an important recent advancement in this field.

Colon Polyps and Cancer

Colorectal cancer symptoms

 are able to be detected in the early stages by colonoscopy.  Colonoscopy is an outpatient procedure performed by a gastroenterologist to evaluate the lining of the colon for any abnormalities.  It is a screening test that should be scheduled according to patient-specific factors but should begin at the latest by age 50. Some patients will be screened with colonoscopy before this age, particularly if there is a family history of colorectal cancer or polyps.

Colectomy

colorectal surgeon

A colectomy is a type of colorectal surgery that focuses on removing part or all of the colon that has colorectal cancer symptoms.

The procedure generally includes the removal of nearby lymph nodes as well. When a portion of the colon is removed, it would be referred to as a partial colectomy, a segmental resection, or a hemicolectomy. In this procedure, the robotic

colorectal surgeon

 removes some portion of the colon, particularly the area that contains cancer and some of the healthy tissues on either side of the cancerous tissue.

In most cases, colectomy calls for approximately one-third of the colon to be removed depending on the location and size of the cancer. A total colectomy is when the lymph nodes in the surrounding area are removed with the entire colon.

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